On December 2, 1816, Lord Byron arrived at the Monastery of Mekhitarists in Venice to study the Armenian language. With the help of the abbots from the monastery of the island of San Lazzaro degli Armeni (Saint Lazarus of the Armenians), the poet got actively acquainted with the Armenian manuscripts and later would speak about the Armenian culture with great admiration.
Father Harutyun taught him the Armenian language. Later, they created the “Grammar of English and Armenian languages” together.
Byron collected his exercises in the Armenian writing in the book “Lord Byron’s Armenian Exercises and Poetry”. In July 1823, Byron left Italy to join the Greek rebels who fought for independence against the Ottoman Empire.
George Byron – about Armenia and Armenians
“Arriving in Venice in 1816, I (as probably all travelers) was impressed by the community of San Lazzaro degli Armeni, which seems to unite in itself all the advantages of a monastic institution without possessing any of its vices.
Clarity, comfort, gentleness, unadulterated piety, talents, and virtues of the brothers of the order can inspire a secular man to believe that there is another, better world even in this life.
These people are clerics of an enslaved but grateful nation that has been expelled and oppressed along with the Jews and Greeks but has developed neither the anger of the former nor the servility of the latter.
This nation has acquired wealth without resorting to usury and all the honors that can be bestowed on those who are in slavery without intrigue… It would be difficult, perhaps, to find people’s chronicles less tainted by crimes than the history of Armenians whose virtues were peaceful. Vices are consequences of oppression.
But regardless of their sad fate, their country should always remain one of the most fascinating states on the entire globe. And their language perhaps only requires more study in order to become more and more attractive…
If the scripture is correctly interpreted, the paradise was exactly located in Armenia, which paid high price like the descendants of Adam as its soil participated in the bliss of the ones who had been created from its ashes. There, the water surface began to descend and Noah’s dove began its journey.
But almost at the same time with the disappearance of paradise, the misfortunes of the country began because although Armenia has been a powerful kingdom for a long time, it was rarely independent. The Persian satraps and the Turkish Pashas equally contributed to the ruin of the land where God created man in his image and likeness.
On the globe, there is no other country that would be so full of miracles as the land of Armenians…”
When We Two Parted by George Gordon Byron
We say go/come/travel to a place or event.
e.g. go to America return to Italy drive to the airport
come to my house take him to hospital to be sent to prison
we also say: on my way to…/ a journey to …/a trip to…/welcome to…
We say “I’ve been to Italy”, “He has just been to the bank”
GET and ARRIVE
We say “get to” a place– get to London
BUT we say “arrive in” or “arrive at”– arrive in a town, arrive at the hotel.
We don’t say “to home” BUT we say go home/come home/ get home/arrive home/ on the way home
go into/get into = enter (a room/a building/a car…)
get into the car go into the room
We use by to say how we do something.
do something by hand
send something by post
pay by credit card, by cheque BUT in cash
OR something can happen
by accident by chance by mistake
We use by to say how we travel
by car by train by plane by boat by ship
by bus by bicycle
by road by sea by rail by air by underground
BUT we say on foot
Did you come here by car or on foot?
We say by car/by train BUT in my car, on the train, in a taxi
We say something is done by somebody.
The door was opened by somebody.
The door was opened with a key.
We say a painting by Rembrandt/ books by Agatha Christie/novel by Tolstoy.
BY also means next o/beside.
Come and sit by me.
The light is by the door.
1.Put to/at/in where necessary.
1. What time does the train get to London?
2. What time does the train arrive in London?
3. What time did you get home last night?
4. What time do you usually arrive to work?
5. When did you get to the cinema?
6. We arrived home felling very tired.
7. Have you ever been to China?
8. We had lunch at the airport while we were waiting for our plane.
9.He has just returned to France.
10.Are you going to that party next week?
2.Put in/to/into where necessary.
1. Three people were taken to the hospital.
2. Shall we take a taxi to the station or shall we walk?
3. I’m tired. As soon as I get home, I’m going to bed.
4. Welcome to the hotel. We hope you enjoy your stay here.
5. He opened the door and I got into the car.
6. A bird flew into the kitchen through the window.
7. Don’t wait outside! Come to the house.
3.Complete the sentences using by+ one of the following words.
Chance credit card chance hand mistake
1. We hadn’t arranged to meet. We met by chnace.
2. I didn’t intend to take your umbrella. I took it by mistake.
3. If you haven’t got any cash, you can pay by credit card.
4. I never suspected anything. It was only by chance that I found what had happened.
5. I didn’t put the pullover in the washing machine. I washed it by hand.
4.Put in by/in/on/ or with
1. He usually goes to work by the bus.
2. I saw Jane. She was on the bus.
3. How did you get here? Did you come by train?
4. How did you get here? Did you come on the train?
5. Sorry, we are late. We missed the bus, so we had to come on foot.
6. I came home in a taxi.
7. “Romeo and Juliet” is a play by Shakespeare.
8. “War and Peace” is a book by Tolstoy.
9. I don’t mind going there in the car, but I don’t want to go in your car.
10. I know that music is by Beethoven, but I don’t know how it is called.
11. The photo is taken by a friend of mine.
12. There was a small table in the bed with a lamp and a clock on it.